Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung [YOONG], developed the field of analytical psychology, a form of depth psychology. Jung was an early supporter of Sigmund Freud; however, he went on to develop his own ideas about the structure and nature of the psyche.
Jung’s contributions to psychology include:
- experimentally proving the existence of complexes;
- introduction of personality typology, which is widely used today; coining the terms, introvert and extravert;
- discovery of a deeper layer of the psyche, which he called the collective unconscious, and which contains archetypes;
- the theory of individuation, a process of personality development, which spans one’s whole lifetime.
Jung’s mandala Window on Eternity was drawn in 1927 from his own dream image. He said, “I saw that . . .one could not go beyond the center. The center is the goal, and everything is directed toward that center. Through this dream I understood that the self is the . . . archetype of orientation and meaning. Therein lies its healing function.” C.G. Jung, Word and Image, 91-92